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Golang 提取 ECDH 私钥

WBOY
WBOY 转载
2024-02-12 21:40:10 509浏览

golang 提取 ecdh 私钥

php小编苹果为您带来Golang提取ECDH私钥的简洁攻略。ECDH是一种非对称加密算法,用于在两个通信方之间建立安全的密钥交换。在Golang中,提取ECDH私钥是实现安全通信的重要步骤之一。本文将介绍如何使用Golang编程语言提取ECDH私钥的详细步骤和注意事项,帮助您快速掌握这一关键技能。无论您是初学者还是有经验的开发者,本文都将为您提供有用的指导和实用的示例代码。让我们一起开始吧!

问题内容

我知道ECDH私钥是公钥的超集。任务是提取私钥ecdh。

生成PublicKey的方法如下:

import (
        "crypto/ecdh"
        "crypto/rand"
        "crypto/ecdsa"
        "crypto/x509"
        "encoding/base64"
        "encoding/pem"
        "fmt"
)


func main() {

        alicePrivateKey, err := ecdh.P256().GenerateKey(rand.Reader)
        alicePublicKey, err := MarshalECDHPublicKey(alicePrivateKey.PublicKey())  
        if err != nil {
                fmt.Errorf("failed to marshal public key into PKIX format")
        }

        fmt.Printf("alicePubK => %s\n", alicePublicKey)

    clientECDSAPubKey, err := UnmarshalECDSAPublicKey(alicePublicKey)
    if err != nil {
       panic(err)
    }
    println(clientECDSAPubKey)
    println("no error")

}  

func MarshalECDHPublicKey(pk *ecdh.PublicKey) (string, error) {
        ecdhSKBytes, err := x509.MarshalPKIXPublicKey(pk)
        if err != nil {
                return "", fmt.Errorf("failed to marshal public key into PKIX format")
        }
        ecdhSKPEMBlock := pem.EncodeToMemory(
                &pem.Block{
                        Type:  "PUBLIC KEY",
                        Bytes: ecdhSKBytes,
                },
        )

        return base64.StdEncoding.EncodeToString(ecdhSKPEMBlock), nil
}

解决方法

我假设您想以 pem 格式提取 ecdh 私钥,就像使用公钥一样。从公钥中提取私钥是不可能的(计算上不可行)。我已经为您实现了 UnmarshalECDSAPublicKey 函数(最好重命名为 MarshalECDHPrivateKey

// MarshalPKCS8PrivateKey converts a private key to PKCS #8, ASN.1 DER form.
//
// The following key types are currently supported: *rsa.PrivateKey,
// *ecdsa.PrivateKey, ed25519.PrivateKey (not a pointer), and *ecdh.PrivateKey.
// Unsupported key types result in an error.
//
// This kind of key is commonly encoded in PEM blocks of type "PRIVATE KEY".
func UnmarshalECDSAPublicKey(alicePrivateKey *ecdh.PrivateKey) (string, error) {
    ecdhSKBytes, err := x509.MarshalPKCS8PrivateKey(alicePrivateKey)
    if err != nil {
        return "", fmt.Errorf("failed to marshal private key into PKIX format")
    }

    ecdhSKPEMBlock := pem.EncodeToMemory(
        &pem.Block{
            Type:  "PRIVATE KEY",
            Bytes: ecdhSKBytes,
        },
    )
    return string(ecdhSKPEMBlock), nil
}

正如其他人在有关 MarshalECDHPublicKey 函数的评论中指出的那样,您不需要使用 base64.StdEncoding.EncodeToString(ecdhSKPEMBlock) 再次编码,因为 pem.EncodeToMemory 会做同样的事情,您只需将其转换为字符串即可。

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