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Performance impact of Golang function error handling

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2024-04-24 13:45:02609browse

The error handling method of Go language has a significant impact on performance. There are several technologies: Panic and Recover: Trigger errors through panic and use recover to capture and process them, which has the best performance. Error type: Create a custom Error type to represent errors, with better ease of use but poorer performance. Multiple return values: Use additional return values ​​to return errors to strike a balance between performance and ease of use.

Performance impact of Golang function error handling

Performance impact of error handling in Go language functions

The way errors are handled in Go can have a significant impact on program performance. This article will explore different error handling techniques and provide practical examples to demonstrate their performance impact.

Error handling technology

There are several ways to handle errors in Go:

  • Panic and Recover: A panic is a serious error that causes the program to terminate. recover allows catching and handling panics.
  • Error type : The Error type represents an error and has the Error() method to get the error message.
  • Multiple return values: Functions can use additional return values ​​to return errors.

Practical Cases

The following are three practical cases using different error handling techniques:

1. Panic and Recover

func panicError() {
    panic("An error occurred")
}

func recoverError() (err error) {
    defer func() {
        if r := recover(); r != nil {
            err = fmt.Errorf("Panic: %v", r)
        }
    }()
    panicError()
}

2. Error type

type MyError struct {
    msg string
}

func (e MyError) Error() string {
    return e.msg
}

func errorType() error {
    return MyError{"An error occurred"}
}

func handleErrorType(err error) {
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf("Error: %v\n", err)
    }
}

3. Multiple return values

func multiReturnValues() (int, error) {
    if err := someFunc(); err != nil {
        return 0, err
    }
    return 1, nil
}

func handleMultiReturnValues() {
    result, err := multiReturnValues()
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf("Error: %v\n", err)
    } else {
        fmt.Printf("Result: %d\n", result)
    }
}

Performance comparison

The performance of these three technologies was compared using the Benchmark function.

func main() {
    // 设置 benchmark 次数
    n := 100000000

    // 对每种技术运行 benchmark
    b := testing.Benchmark(func(b *testing.B) {
        for i := 0; i < n; i++ {
            panicError()
        }
    })
    fmt.Println(b)
    b = testing.Benchmark(func(b *testing.B) {
        for i := 0; i < n; i++ {
            recoverError()
        }
    })
    fmt.Println(b)
    b = testing.Benchmark(func(b *testing.B) {
        for i := 0; i < n; i++ {
            errorType()
        }
    })
    fmt.Println(b)
    b = testing.Benchmark(func(b *testing.B) {
        for i := 0; i < n; i++ {
            multiReturnValues()
        }
    })
    fmt.Println(b)
}

Result:

##Panic and Recover297 ns/opError Type4523 ns/opMultiple return values4060 ns/op##As shown in the results,
TechnologyTime
panic

and recover has the best performance, followed by multiple return values, and the error type has the worst performance.

Choose the right technology

When choosing an error handling technology, you need to consider the following factors:

    Error frequency:
  • If the error is unlikely to occur, then panic and recover may be a good choice.
  • Easy to debug: The
  • error type provides better debuggability because error messages are automatically printed to the standard error stream.
  • Performance:
  • If performance is important, multiple return values ​​or panic and recover are better choices.
Conclusion

Different error handling techniques in the Go language have different performance impacts. By understanding the advantages and disadvantages of each technology, programmers can choose the technology that best suits their specific use case.

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