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How Nginx implements access control configuration based on request headers

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2023-11-08 18:12:291644browse

How Nginx implements access control configuration based on request headers

How Nginx implements access control configuration based on request headers

Introduction:
Nginx, as a high-performance web server and reverse proxy server, provides a wealth of functionality and flexible configuration options. Among them, using request headers to configure access control is a very powerful and flexible way. This article will introduce in detail how to implement access control configuration based on request headers and provide specific code examples.

1. Configure Nginx to support request header related functions

  1. In the Nginx configuration file, find the http block and add the following configuration:

    http {
    ...
    geo $allow_headers {
        default 0;
        include /path/to/allow_headers.conf;
    }
    ...
    }

    Above In the code, we use the geo module to define a variable named $allow_headers and set its default value to 0, and then introduce an allow_headers.conf configuration file through the include directive, which is used to store allowed request header information. .

  2. Create the allow_headers.conf file and add the following content:

    set $allow_headers 0;
    if ($http_custom_header ~* "^(Value1|Value2|Value3)$") {
    set $allow_headers 1;
    } 

    In the above code, we first set the $allow_headers variable to 0, and then match $ through regular expressions http_custom_header variable, if the allowed values ​​​​(Value1, Value2, Value3) are matched, the $allow_headers variable is set to 1.

2. Example of using request headers to implement access control
The following will give a specific example to illustrate how to use request headers to implement access control.

  1. In the server block in the Nginx configuration file, add the following configuration:

    server {
    ...
    location / {
       if ($allow_headers = 0) {
           return 403;
       }
       # 其他配置信息
    }
    ...
    }

    In the above code, we first use the if instruction to determine whether the value of $allow_headers is 0 , if it is 0, it means that the request header does not meet the requirements, and the HTTP status code 403 Forbidden will be returned.

  2. Start the Nginx server and access a URL path on the server:

    • If the request header does not contain Value1, Value2 or Value3, return 403 Access Forbidden;
    • If the request header contains Value1, Value2 or Value3, continue access.

Summary:
Nginx request header access control configuration can be achieved by configuring the Nginx server and using the geo module and if directive. By setting a list of allowed request header values, you can flexibly control server access permissions. Using this approach, the server can be effectively protected from unauthorized access.

It should be noted that although Nginx provides access control functions, this still cannot replace other more complete access control measures, such as the use of firewalls, authentication, etc. Therefore, in practical applications, it is necessary to comprehensively consider the selection of appropriate access control strategies based on specific needs and security risks.

The above is an introduction and code example on how Nginx implements access control configuration based on request headers. Hope this article helps you!

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