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How Nginx implements retry configuration of HTTP requests

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2023-11-08 16:47:081016browse

How Nginx implements retry configuration of HTTP requests

How Nginx implements HTTP request retry configuration, specific code examples are required

Nginx is a very popular open source reverse proxy server, which has powerful functions And flexible configuration options can be used to implement retry configuration of HTTP requests. In network communication, sometimes the HTTP request we initiate may fail due to various reasons, such as network delay, server load, etc. In order to improve the reliability and stability of the application, we may need to retry when the request fails.

The following will introduce how to use Nginx to configure the retry function of HTTP requests.

First, we need to add the following code segment to the Nginx configuration file:

http {

    upstream backend {
        server backend1.example.com weight=5 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=30s;
        server backend2.example.com backup;
    }
    
    server {
        listen 80;
        server_name example.com;
    
        location / {
            proxy_pass http://backend;
            proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504;
            proxy_connect_timeout 2s;
            proxy_set_header Host $host;
        }
    }
}

The upstream block in the above configuration defines the address and configuration options of the backend server . Among them, backend1.example.com and backend2.example.com are the real backend server addresses, weight=5 means the weight is 5, max_fails =3 means that the server is considered unavailable if it still fails after retrying 3 times. fail_timeout=30s means that the time interval after the server is marked as unavailable is 30 seconds. The

proxy_pass directive is used to forward the request to the backend server, the proxy_next_upstream directive is used to define the conditions for retrying when the request fails, where error means retry when an error occurs in the request, timeout means retry when the request times out, invalid_header means retry when the response header information is invalid, http_500 , http_502, http_503 and http_504 indicate retrying when the response status codes are 500, 502, 503 and 504.

In addition, we can also use the proxy_connect_timeout directive to set the timeout for establishing a connection with the backend server, and the proxy_set_header directive to set the Host field in the request header information to the original request. Host field.

After the configuration is completed, save and reload the Nginx configuration file.

Next, when we initiate an HTTP request, Nginx will forward the request according to our configuration options and retry if the retry conditions are met.

For example, when we access http://example.com through a browser, Nginx will forward the request to the backend server. If the request fails or times out, Nginx will proceed according to the configuration Retry until the request succeeds or the maximum number of retries is reached.

It is worth noting that different application scenarios may require different retry configurations, and we can adjust them as needed. The flexibility of retry configuration is a major advantage of Nginx, and it can be customized according to the actual situation.

In summary, Nginx can implement the retry function of HTTP requests through configuration options, improving the reliability and stability of the application. Through reasonable retry configuration, we can deal with various problems that may occur in network communication and ensure successful response to requests. In actual use, we can flexibly configure according to specific needs and monitor and analyze through Nginx's log function to optimize the request retry strategy.

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