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What are the similarities and differences between PHP functions and Ruby functions?

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2024-04-24 13:33:01268browse

The difference between PHP and Ruby functions is: Syntax: PHP uses the function keyword, and Ruby uses the def keyword to define functions. Default return value: NULL when PHP does not return, nil for Ruby. Variable parameters: PHP supports, Ruby does not support. Function overloading: PHP does not support it, but Ruby supports it.

PHP 函数与 Ruby 函数有何异同?

Comparison of PHP and Ruby functions

Introduction

Both PHP and Ruby is a popular programming language. Functions are a vital foundation in both languages. Despite the similarities, there are some key differences between PHP and Ruby functions. In this article, we will explore their similarities and differences and illustrate them using practical examples.

Syntax

  • PHP: PHP functions are defined using the function keyword, followed by the function name and parameter list. The function body is enclosed in braces {}.

    function myFunction($arg1, $arg2) {
    // 函数体
    }
  • Ruby: Ruby functions are defined using the def keyword, followed by the function name and parameter list. The function body ends with the end keyword.

    def my_function(arg1, arg2)
    # 函数体
    end

Default return value

  • ##PHP: When the PHP function does not return any value, Default returns NULL.

    function myFunction() { }
    echo myFunction(); // 输出 NULL

  • Ruby: When a Ruby function does not return any value, it returns nil by default.

    def my_function
    end
    puts my_function # 输出 nil

Variable parameters

  • ##PHP:

    PHP supports variable parameters, allowing Any number of arguments are passed to the function. Variable parameters are represented by ....

    function myFunction(...$args) {
    // 使用 $args 访问可变参数
    }

  • Ruby:
  • Ruby does not support ** variadic arguments.
Function overloading

  • PHP:

    PHP does not support function overloading.

    function myFunction($arg) { 
    // ... 
    }
    
    function myFunction($arg, $arg2) {
    // ...
    }

  • Ruby:

    Ruby supports function overloading.

    def my_function(arg)
    # ...
    end
    
    def my_function(arg, arg2)
    # ...
    end

Practical Example

Let us consider a function that calculates the sum of two numbers.

PHP:

function sum($a, $b) {
  return $a + $b;
}
echo sum(10, 20); // 输出 30

Ruby:

def sum(a, b)
  a + b
end
puts sum(10, 20)  # 输出 30
As shown in the example, the PHP function declaration explicitly specifies the parameter type, The type inference of Ruby functions allows parameter types to be omitted.

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