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From Novice to Master: Advanced Guide to Improving PHP Function Performance

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2024-04-24 09:54:02555browse

Proficient in PHP function performance optimization, from novice to master: avoid dynamic function calls and call functions directly. Use namespaces to reduce function name resolution overhead. Avoid using local variables and use global variables whenever possible. Use immutable data types to avoid creating new copies. Cache function results to avoid double calculations. Use Opcache to cache compiled code and improve execution speed. Use a JIT compiler to compile PHP code into machine code to further improve performance.

从小白到大神:PHP 函数性能提升进阶指南

From novice to master: Advanced guide to improving PHP function performance

Foreword

Performance of PHP functions Optimization is the key to improving the efficiency of web applications. This article will delve into advanced techniques for improving PHP function performance and help you transform from a novice to a function performance optimization master.

Optimization tips

1. Avoid dynamic function calls

Dynamic function calls (call_user_func($fn) ) will bring additional overhead, so it is recommended to call the function directly, for example: $fn().

2. Use namespaces

Using namespaces can reduce the overhead required for function name resolution. For example, write: namespace\fn() instead of: global\namespace\fn().

3. Avoid local variables

Local variables will be created and destroyed every time the function is called, causing additional overhead. Use global variables whenever possible.

4. Use immutable data types

Strings and arrays are mutable data types, and new copies are created every time they are modified. This can be avoided by using immutable data types such as scalars.

5. Caching results

If the result output by the function will not change, you can cache the result and return it directly. This can significantly improve performance.

6. Using Opcache

Opcache is a PHP extension that stores compiled PHP code in memory, thus avoiding compilation on every call. This can significantly improve function execution speed.

7. Use the JIT compiler

The JIT compiler (Just-In-Time) was introduced in PHP 8, which can dynamically compile PHP code into machine code. further improve performance.

Practical case

Consider the following code:

function foo($n) {
  for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++) {
    $arr[] = $i;
  }
}

Optimization measures:

  • Use Immutable data type: Change to $arr ​​= range(0, $n - 1);.
  • Use cache: store the array outside the function and return the cache in the function, such as: static $arr; if (is_null($arr)) { $arr = range(0, $n - 1); } return $arr;.

Conclusion

By following these advanced tips, you can significantly improve the performance of your PHP functions. By optimizing function calls, data handling, and caching, you'll create efficient and responsive PHP applications.

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