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How to add checkbox in javascript

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2023-05-27 09:09:071345browse

How to add a checkbox in JavaScript

In web development, the checkbox is a common interactive element. They are commonly used to let users select multiple options, perform bulk operations, and more. This article will explain how to add checkboxes using JavaScript.

  1. Adding checkboxes in HTML

Adding checkboxes in HTML is very simple. Just add an input element to the form and set the type attribute to "checkbox". For example:

选项1 选项2 选项3

The above code will generate three check boxes, corresponding to three options.

  1. Adding check boxes in JavaScript

If you want to use JavaScript to dynamically add a check box, you need to use the document.createElement method to create an input element and then add it into the target element. For example:

var form = document.querySelector('form'); // 获取form元素
var checkbox = document.createElement('input'); // 创建input元素
checkbox.type = 'checkbox'; // 设置元素类型为复选框
checkbox.name = 'option4'; // 设置元素名称
checkbox.value = 'value4'; // 设置元素值
form.appendChild(checkbox); // 将元素添加到form中

The above code will add a new check box after the existing three check boxes.

If you need to add multiple check boxes, you can use a loop statement to create multiple input elements, for example:

var form = document.querySelector('form'); // 获取form元素
for (var i = 4; i <= 6; i++) {
  var checkbox = document.createElement('input'); // 创建input元素
  checkbox.type = 'checkbox'; // 设置元素类型为复选框
  checkbox.name = 'option' + i; // 设置元素名称
  checkbox.value = 'value' + i; // 设置元素值
  form.appendChild(checkbox); // 将元素添加到form中
}

The above code will be added after the existing four check boxes Three new checkboxes, corresponding to options 4 to 6 respectively.

  1. Event binding of check box

If you need to perform certain operations when the check box is selected or unchecked, you need to bind the corresponding event handler function. You can use the addEventListener method to achieve this, for example:

var form = document.querySelector('form'); // 获取form元素
var checkbox = document.createElement('input'); // 创建input元素
checkbox.type = 'checkbox'; // 设置元素类型为复选框
checkbox.name = 'option4'; // 设置元素名称
checkbox.value = 'value4'; // 设置元素值
checkbox.addEventListener('change', function() {
  if (this.checked) {
    console.log('选中了选项4');
  } else {
    console.log('取消选中选项4');
  }
});
form.appendChild(checkbox); // 将元素添加到form中

The above code will output the corresponding prompt information on the console when the check box is selected or unchecked.

  1. Summary

This article introduces how to add check boxes in HTML and JavaScript, and briefly explains the event handling of check boxes. In actual project development, we can choose the appropriate method to add and use check boxes according to specific needs to achieve a more flexible and efficient Web interaction experience.

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