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*PHPz**Original**2023-04-12 18:14:26**1116browse*

Go is a very popular programming language suitable for writing highly scalable web servers and distributed systems. In this article, we will discuss the integer division problem in Go language.

In Go, the result of integer division is an integer, which means that if the result of division of two integers is a decimal, the decimal part will be truncated and only the integer part will be kept. This is usually what we want, but in some cases it can cause errors or strange behavior.

Suppose we have two integers, x and y, and we want to calculate their quotient and assign the result to the variable z. We can write the code like this:

z := x / y

In this case, if x and y are both integers, z will be their integer quotient. For example, if x is 8 and y is 3, then z will be 2.

However, if x is an integer and y is a floating point number, the Go language will automatically convert y to an integer and perform integer division. This may lead to unexpected results. For example, if x is 8 and y is 3.0, z will still be 2, not the expected 2.6666666666666665.

To solve this problem, we can convert both x and y to floating point numbers and use floating point division to calculate their quotient. The code to do this is as follows:

z := float64(x) / float64(y)

In this case, z will be the exact quotient of x and y, which is 2.6666666666666665.

In addition to the above cases, if y is equal to 0, integer division will generate an error and cause the program to crash. In this case, we need to check if y is zero before running the code to avoid runtime errors.

In short, integer division in Go language is a simple but error-prone operation. By using floating point division to calculate the quotient, we ensure we get the correct results and avoid unexpected behavior. Additionally, we need to check if the denominator is zero before performing the integer division operation to avoid runtime errors.

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