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Office software is developed by which company?

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2020-07-31 13:42:1030600browse

Office office software is an office software suite developed by Microsoft. The company is a multinational technology company and the world's leader in Personal Computer software development. It mainly develops, manufactures, licenses and provides a wide range of computers. Mainly software services business.

Office software is developed by which company?

In 1975, 19-year-old Bill Gates dropped out of Harvard University and sold BASIC (Beginners' All) with his high school alumnus Paul Allen. -purpose Symbolic Instruction Code), also translated as Peiji.

Beijing means "beginner's all-round symbolic instruction code. It is a programming language designed for beginners. When Gates was still studying at Harvard University, they worked for MITS. Altair programming language. Later, Gates and Allen moved to Albuquerque and founded Microsoft in a local hotel room.

In 1977, Microsoft moved to Bellevue, Seattle (Red Mond), where PC programming software was developed.

In 1979, MITS closed down, and Microsoft continued to develop with its main business of modifying BASIC programs. In the early days of the company's establishment, it mainly sold BASIC interpreters. At that time Computer enthusiasts often develop their own small BASIC interpreters and distribute them for free.

Microsoft is one of the few commercial manufacturers of BASIC interpreters, and Microsoft BASIC has gradually become a recognized market standard.

After that, they tried to enter the home computer market by designing the MSX home computer standard, but the results were not very successful.

In 1980, IBM selected Microsoft to write key operations for its new PC System software, this was a major turning point in the company's development. Due to time constraints and complex programs, Microsoft bought an operating system from Tim Paterson, a programmer in Seattle, for $50,000. The right to use QDOS was provided to IBM after some modifications, and it was named Microsoft DOS (Disk Operating System, disk operating system).

The popularity of IBM-PC machines made MS-DOS achieve great success was successful because other PC manufacturers wanted to be compatible with IBM. MS-DOS was licensed by many companies. Therefore, in the 1980s, it became the standard operating system for PCs.

In 1983, Microsoft and IBM signed a contract to provide BASIC interpreters and operating systems for IBM PCs, and Microsoft's sales exceeded $100 million. Subsequently, Microsoft continued to develop software for computers from IBM, Apple, and Radio Equipment Corporation. As Microsoft As the company grows, Microsoft and IBM have become competitors in many aspects.

In 1985, Microsoft Windows 1.0 was released. It was the first product in the Windows series, and it was also the first time that Microsoft Personal computer operating platform was used to experiment with user graphical interfaces.

In 1991, due to conflicts of interest, IBM and Apple terminated their cooperative relationship with Microsoft, but the cooperative relationship between IBM and Microsoft has never been interrupted. , the two companies maintain a complex relationship that is both cooperative and competitive. Microsoft's products include operating system software MS-DOS and Xenix: Xenix is ​​a personal computer version of the Unix operating system, which was started by Microsoft in 1979 Developed for Intel processors, it also runs on DECPDP-11 or Apple Lisa computers. Xenix inherits the characteristics of UNIX. XENIX has a multi-user and multi-tasking working environment and complies with the UNIX System V interface specification (SVID).

In 1983, Paul Allen left Microsoft due to Hodgkin's disease and later founded his own company. Allen owns 15% of Microsoft's shares. As of February 23, 2019, Allen still sat on the board of directors.

In 1986, the company became public-owned. Gates retained 45% of the company, making him the first billionaire in the PC industry in 1987. In 1992, the company purchased Fox Company and entered the database software market.

In the mid-1990s, Microsoft began to expand its product line into the computer network field. Microsoft launched the online service MSN (Microsoft Network) on August 24, 1995. MSN is a direct competitor of AOL and the flagship brand for Microsoft's other online products.

On August 24, 1995, Microsoft released Windows 95, a mixed 16-bit/32-bit Windows system with kernel version number 4.0, and became the most successful operating system at the time.

In 1996, Microsoft and the American broadcast giant NBC (National Broadcasting Company) jointly founded MSNBC, a comprehensive 24-hour news channel and online news service provider.

At the end of 1997, Microsoft acquired Hotmail, the earliest and most popular webmail service provider. Hotmail was renamed MSN Hotmail and became .NET Passport, a comprehensive login service system platform. MSN Messenger is an instant messaging client program launched by Microsoft in 1999. It is the main competitor of AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) and ICQ of America Online. Has evolved into Windows Live Messenger.

From 1995 to 1999, Microsoft successively established three world-class scientific research, product development and technical support service organizations in China: Microsoft China Research and Development Center, Microsoft Global Technical Support Center and Microsoft Asia Research Institute. Microsoft China has become Microsoft's most complete subsidiary outside its U.S. headquarters.

On July 29, 2009, Yahoo! and Microsoft announced that the two parties had reached an agreement to cooperate in Internet search and online advertising businesses. The agreement lasts for 10 years. Yahoo's website will use Microsoft's new "Bing" search engine. Microsoft will obtain an exclusive license to use Yahoo's core search technology for 10 years, and Yahoo will be responsible for global sales. Search advertising from both companies. In addition, Microsoft also agreed that in the first five years of cooperation between the two parties, 88% of Yahoo's website operating income will belong to Yahoo.

On May 10, 2011, Microsoft announced the acquisition of Skype for US$8.5 billion. The deal will help Microsoft attract more Internet users and narrow the gap with Google in the Internet advertising market. The deal is Microsoft's largest single acquisition as of 2011, surpassing its $6 billion acquisition of online advertising company aQuantiv in 2007.

On July 31, 2012, Microsoft replaced the consumer online version of Hotmail with the extended version of Outlook. Outlook is generally used in enterprises. Launched in 1996, Hotmail is a free online email service that popularized the concept of advertising emails.

On August 24, 2012, Microsoft launched its new corporate LOGO, which was the first major change to its corporate LOGO since 1988. The new logo will include a colorful symbol that often appears in Microsoft products, and the Microsoft font will also change. Jeff Hansen, general manager of Microsoft brand strategy, said: "The new logo represents the inheritance of tradition and expectations for the future, and can bring a fresh feeling."

January 9, 2013 , Microsoft announced that it will officially shut down the instant messaging service MSN on March 15. Users around the world except mainland China will be transferred to Skype, the online video and voice communication service acquired by Microsoft in 2011. MSN users who log in to Skype with their original account can see MSN contact information and use services such as instant messaging, video calls, mobile video calls and screen sharing provided by Skype.

On September 3, 2013, Microsoft announced that it would acquire Nokia’s mobile phone business and the licensing of a large number of patent portfolios for 5.44 billion euros (approximately US$7.17 billion). Among them, 3.79 billion euros were used to acquire Nokia's equipment and services department, and 1.65 billion euros were used to purchase its 10-year patent license. Microsoft will also provide patent licenses related to location technology to Nokia.

Microsoft has the right to extend this patent cooperation in the future. After the transaction is completed, the "Nokia" brand will still be retained, and 32,000 Nokia employees will join Microsoft. Microsoft will also obtain authorization for Nokia's Here platform and become the largest customer of Nokia's Here business, paying based on an independent licensing agreement.

On January 28, 2014, Microsoft announced that the company’s cloud storage service SkyDrive would be renamed OneDrive.

On February 4, 2014, Microsoft appointed internal executive Satya Nadella as its new CEO.

On March 2, 2014, Microsoft China announced that it would no longer continue to provide security protection for Windows XP users after April 8.

On April 8, 2014, Windows XP system was officially "retired".

On July 17, 2014, Microsoft announced the largest layoffs in history. In the next year, Microsoft will lay off 18,000 employees, accounting for 14 of the company's total of more than 120,000 employees worldwide. %, with most employees coming from the Nokia mobile phone business unit acquired by Microsoft.

On September 15, 2014, the MOJANG development team and the game Minecraft were acquired by Microsoft for more than US$2 billion.

On January 21, 2015, a Windows 10 conference was held, and on the 22nd it was announced that Office 2016 would be launched in 2015.

On January 27, 2015, Microsoft confirmed that Surface 2 will be discontinued, which means that the company will no longer produce tablets with Windows RT system, which in disguise has sentenced this system to "death".

On March 7, 2015, Microsoft sued Kyocera for patent infringement of mobile phones and asked the U.S. court to ban sales.

On March 14, 2015, company CEO Satya Nadella announced an internal reorganization and transferred the MSN team to the Windows Group to make Microsoft's online portal more closely connected with the flagship operating system. close.

On March 18, 2015, Microsoft announced that it would cooperate with companies such as 360 and Lenovo to upgrade the Windows 10 operating system for free for Chinese users. Microsoft will launch the Windows 10 operating system in 190 countries in the summer of 2015. At that time, Chinese users can experience free Windows 10 simultaneously with global users through the distribution and upgrade services provided by 360. Lenovo will become the first computer manufacturer in the world to pre-install Windows 10 system on all consumer products. Tencent's Computer Manager also provides a one-click upgrade to Win10 service.

On July 29, 2015, Microsoft released a new generation of operating system Windows 10. This time, users of genuine Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 8.1 can upgrade to the official version of Windows 10 for free, while users of Windows XP, Windows Vista, etc. Required to be purchased.

In September 2015, Microsoft acquired the Israeli security company Adallom for US$250 million. Microsoft has always hoped to further improve its cloud product selection. After acquiring Adallom's products, the company will integrate them into the existing security system to provide security protection for products including Office 365 and Enterprise Mobility Suite.

Microsoft Edge

On September 24, 2015, in Redmond, Washington, USA, Baidu and Microsoft officially announced a strategic cooperation. Baidu will become the default homepage and search engine of the Windows 10 Microsoft Edge browser in the Chinese market, bringing users more convenience search service. At the same time, Baidu will also provide Windows 10 download and upgrade services through the "Windows 10 Express".

On January 12, 2016, Microsoft released the first wave of security patches for 2016. For older versions of IE browsers such as IE8, 9, and 10, this will also be the last time they receive security updates. , after which Microsoft will completely stop supporting them.

Starting from January 12, 2016, Microsoft will no longer provide technical support for Windows 8 systems. This means that millions of Windows 8 users must upgrade to Windows 8.1 or Windows 10 or they will no longer receive security patches. Once Windows 8 is upgraded to Windows 8.1, it will have mainstream support until January 9, 2018, and extended support will end on January 10, 2023. This means that Microsoft will continue to release security patches for Windows 8.1 until 2023, but will not add new features to the system after 2018.

According to the latest statistics from Net Application, Windows 8 has a market share of 2.8%, while Windows 8.1 has a market share of 10.3%. The 2.8% market share of Windows 8 means that millions of computers with this system will no longer receive security patches from January 12, 2016, making these computers more vulnerable to malware and hacker attacks. .

On June 1, 2016, Microsoft and Xiaomi further expanded their global partnership. As part of the cooperation agreement, Xiaomi will pre-install Microsoft Office and Skype on its Android smartphones and tablets.

On June 13, 2016, Microsoft’s official blog announced that Microsoft and LinkedIn have reached a final agreement. Microsoft will acquire all-cash companies including LinkedIn for US$196 per share, totaling US$26.2 billion. Total equity and net cash.

On May 2, 2017, Microsoft held a launch conference for the Windows 10 S system and the new Surface Laptop laptop. The Bulid 2017 conference will be held on May 10-13. On May 23, the Surface Pro 5 launch conference will be held in Shanghai, China.

On July 16, 2018, Microsoft and General Electric announced that they will expand the cooperation between the two companies to combine operational technology and information technology to eliminate the challenges faced by industrial enterprises in advancing digital transformation projects. obstacles.

In September 2018, Microsoft announced that it would bring ROS support to the Windows 10 system. The so-called ROS is the robot operating system. Previously, this operating system only supported the Linux platform, but now Microsoft is building ROS for Windows.

On November 11, 2018, Microsoft officially announced the acquisition of Obsidian Studio and inXile Entertainment at X018.

On January 14, 2020, Microsoft ended support for Windows 7.

On June 4, 2020, Microsoft (China) Co., Ltd. added a new piece of information about the person subject to execution. The execution court is the Beijing No. 1 Intermediate People's Court, and the target price is 952,215 yuan.

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